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E-learning jako vzdělávací nástroj školy 3. tisíciletí

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Animals versus humans – Problem solving and learning – Video and conversation

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chimpumother01_1

 

1 Discussion. Work in groups of 3 or four. Then discuss your opinions in the class:

  • Do you think that animals are intelligent?
  • Do you remember an animal´s behaviour or performance you were impressed or surprised by?
  • What animals do you consider the most intelligent? Why?
  • Are humans the only thinking species on this planet?
  • Do you believe that animals are able to solve problems or learn? Can you give an example?

2 Watch the first short video with a raven and describe it.

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3 Watch the second video. It is about an experiment done at the Max-Planck-Institute in Leipzig in Germany. What is it about? Describe the whole experiment.

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4 Class discussion:

  • What do you think of  what you have seen?
  • Have you expected such tricks?
  • How would you solve the problems?

5 Watch the third video and then discuss it shortly:

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6 Watch the third video again and fill in the missing words. But first go through the following vocabulary:

Vocabulary:

treat = zde: odměna, pamlsek

tap = poklepat

slot = zasunout

poke = píchnout, bouchnout

obvious = zřejmý

mindlessly = tupě, bezmyšlenkovitě

ape = opice, lidoop / napodobovat, opičit se

predispose = predisponovat

outsmart = přelstít

slavishly= otrocky

  1. Do we have any ……………………  skills which are unique to our own.
  2. A key clue comes from a new …………………………….. .
  3. Back at the university of Texas, Victoria Hohner shows a chimp how to ……………..  the puzzle box to get the treat.
  4. First she taps, then she slots. ………….. , she pokes.
  5. The chimp …………..  very well and get the sweet.
  6. Children copy the actions much as the chimps …………….. .
  7. Second box that I showed the chimpanzees is this one. And it´s …………….. to the pit box.
  8. Only now is it obvious that the taping and poking don´t achieve a thing. The box has a false …………………. .
  9. The chimps come to the chase. They ……………. the needless steps.
  10. For the ……………. it is all about the treat.
  11. What the study shows is that apes don´t just mindlessly ape. They also understand something more about ………………… and effect.
  12. We´ve found something quite ………………… .
  13. The children were predisposed to copy ………….. when it meant that they were doing something that was rather silly.
  14. So, this seems a little like the chimps are outsmarting the kids in this particular ……………… .
  15. Why did children ………………….  slavishly?
  16. The root of the childrens´ ………………………. is the fact that they view me as a grown-up, possibly as a teacher.
  17. The children expect to be taught. It´s a vital …………………………. . While apes can copy, most researchers believe that they do not teach each other.

7 Conversation:

  • How did you like the video?
  • What do you think of the presented results?
  • Do you think that we are close relatives with the chimps?
  • What are the biggest differences between humans and chimpanzees?
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