E-learning jako vzdělávací nástroj školy 3. tisíciletí

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Gerund or infinitive?

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Gerund after prepositions – of, for, about, instead of, before, after, without, by

I must give up smoking.

This knife is only for cutting bread.

I bought a new bike instead of going away on holiday.

What are the advantages of having a car?

Before going out, I phoned to Sarah.

You can improve your English by reading more.

I ran ten kilometers without stopping.

I look forward to seeing you again.

They accused me of telling lies.

Please forgive me for not writing to you.

I forgot to thank them for helping me.

The police stopped everyone from leaving the building.


Learn the following verbs with their prepositions:

give up      put off      carry on      keep on      be interested in      be good/bad at

fed up with      look forward to      succeed in      apologize for      insist on      think of               

dream of      decide against      feel like      congratulate on      accuse of      prevent from

stop from      thank for     forgive for      warn against


Infinitive after a question word - how, where, whether, what

We asked how to get to the station.

I don’t know whether to apply for the job or not.

He will tell you what to do.


Expressions + -gerund

It’s no use…/It’s no good…

It’s no use trying to persuade me. You won’t succeed.


There is no point in…

There is no point in having a car when you never use it.


It’s (not) worth...

It’s not worth taking the taxi, it’s near here.

What was the film like? Was it worth seeing?


Have difficulty

I had difficulty finding a place to live.


Waste of time…/waste of money…

It’s a waste of time waiting for him. He’s always late.

It’s a waste of money buying this book. It’s rubbish.



Zpracováno s pomocí R. Murphy: English Grammar in Use, third edition, Cambridge University Press 2004


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