E-learning jako vzdělávací nástroj školy 3. tisíciletí

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Types of alternative medicine – reading

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surface  = povrch, plocha

curative = léčivý, léčebný

release = uvolnit

muscular = svalový

tension = napětí

force = síla

aid = pomáhat

gland = žláza

release = uvolnit

thorough = důkladný

predominant = převládající

restore = obnovit

purifying = očistný

remedy = lék

physician = lékař

diluted = zředěný

serial = několikanásobný

assumption = předpoklad

remain= zůstat

evolve = vyvinout se

involve = zahrnovat

depleted = vyčerpaný

flow = proudit

smoothly = plynule

insertion = vložení

needle = jehla

spine = páteř

treatment = léčba

musculoskeletal = týkající se svalů a kostí

adjustment = přizpůsobení, seřízení

relief = úleva

subluxation = částečné vykloubení

1 There are 7 definitions and 7 pictures. Match them with the following 7 terms:

chiropractic, acupuncture, ayurveda,  homeopathy, reflexology, reiki


The underlying theory behind this type is that there are "reflex" areas on the feet and hands that correspond to specific organs, glands, and other parts of the body. Practitioners believe that applying pressure to these reflex areas can promote health in the corresponding organs through energetic pathways. A scientific explanation is that the pressure may send signals that balance the nervous system or release chemicals such as endorphins that reduce pain and stress.



It is an alternative medical system that's thought to have originated in India over 5,000 years ago. A consultation with an … practitioner usually begins with a thorough interview covering all aspects of a person's health and lifestyle. The practitioner uses this information to identify the person's predominant body type, or dosha. The three doshas are vata, pitta and kapha. Treatment is aimed at restoring balance to the doshas and can include dietary changes, meditation, massage, purifying techniques, breathing exercises, herbal remedies, baths and exercise.




It is a form of alternative medicine, first proposed by German physician Samuel Hahnemann in 1796, in which practitioners use highly diluted preparations, which are prepared by serial dilution with forceful  shaking under the assumption that this increases the effect. They call this process potentization. Dilution often continues until none of the original substance remains.


It is a form of spiritual healing that is thought to have evolved from Tibetan Buddhist healing practices. A Japanese scholar and Christian minister named Mika Usui is said to have rediscovered and reinterpreted these principles in the late 1800s, creating the practice of this method. The sessions usually involve the individual lying down as the practitioner places his or her hands on or above various parts of the body and s channel "ki" life force energy to the individual to restore and rebalance areas in the body that are depleted. The practitioner's own energy blockages are also cleared during a session when administering the method.



It is an ancient Chinese medicine, based on the idea that the body’s energy must be able to flow smoothly through 14 major energy channels called “meridians.” These meridians lie along the special body points. It treats illness or provides local anesthesia by the insertion of needles at these specified sites of the body.


It is a way of allowing the body to heal itself through manipulation of the spine. There are two main types of this treatment: Musculoskeletal adjustments for symptom relief and subluxation for structural correction.









2 Discussion:

  • Did you know about these methods before?
  • Which of them do you like?
  • Do you believe alternative medicine can help sick people?
  • Have you ever tried any of the alternative methods?
  • Do you know anyone who practises it?
  • Why do you think these methods are so popular nowadays?
  • Has there been such a tradition in our geographic area in history?
  • What do you think of witches, magicians, shamans, healers?
  • Have you seen any films or read any books about them?

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