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E-learning jako vzdělávací nástroj školy 3. tisíciletí

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Grammar Exercise - Words Related to Modals

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Grammar exercise - Words related to modals

 

Exercise 1: Rewrite the sentences using the prompts:

It is Anna´s birthday tomorrow, so I should buy her a card. (´d better)

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

Guests should not leave valuables in their room. (advised)

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You can only smoke in designated areas. (permitted)

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I am sure he will pass the exam. He is so clever. (bound)

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You cannot use dictionaries in this exam. (allow)

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People under 18 should not drink alcohol. (supposed)

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Travellers to the States need a visa. (required)

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I expect you will find it difficult to learn Chinese. (likely)

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I cannot come out. I said I´d help Jane. (promised)

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I should wear a suit for work, but I often do not. (supposed)

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My parents say I cannot have a puppy. (let; allow)

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I was not allowed to go out until I was eighteen. (let; parents)

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Exercise 2: Rewrite the sentences using modal verbs:

It is possible Anna will look for a new job.

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My advice is that you wear glasses.

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I did not manage to get the top off the jar.

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I am sure you are tired.

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There is a possibility Andy will not go to the party.

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You are not fit to drive a car.

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If I were you, I´d swallow my pride and forgive him.

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You are supposed to do it until tomorrow.

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Exercise 3: Join the sentence with suitable beginning and finish it:

1. You should not wear a red, it does not suit you.                                                         A, I will be able to …

2. May I make a suggestion?                                                                                            B, I did not manage …

3. You can smoke in the designated area only.                                             C, It is always a good idea to …

4. I can take you to the airport after all.                                                                        D, You are bound to …

5. You must obtain a visa to work in Australia.                                                         E, You are required to …

6, I will not discuss the matter any further.                                                                                F, Is it OK if …?

7. You should always make an appointment.                                                            G, You are allowed to …

8. You will pass. Do not worry.                                                                                                H, If I were you …

9. You must not walk on the grass.                                                                                               I, I refuse to …

10. I could not get through, the line was engaged.                                         J, You are not permitted to …

 

Exercise 4: Put the words into correct order:

play    is    match    sure    he    to   this    not

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the    choice    we    but    have    to    match    cancel    no

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

to    advance    fee    you    pay    in    required    the    are

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

time    come    promised    to    me    he    on

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

next    is    leave    her    bound    month    job    to    she

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to    they    the    fail    are    likely    test

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lectures    give    supposed    this    is  to    she    three    time

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

 

Exercise 5: Replace the highlighted words in italics with a modal verb or an expression with a modal verb:

I am really worried about my friend. She always feels it is necessary to have (1) the latest designer clothes. And she is getting worse. Now, if something is not from the ´right´ label, she refuses to (2) allow it in the house. She is losing touch with reality. She promised to (3) come round for coffee with me the other day, but then was not able to(4) because it was necessary for her (5) to go to a fashion show. As a good friend, is it a good idea if (6) I talk to her about it?

 

As a good friend, it is essential that you (7) talk to her about it. This label thing is certainly concealing a strong inferiority complex and maybe she will (8) find it hard to discuss it. But if you manage to (9) persuade her that she is loveable without designer gear, then you are certain to (10) do her a huge service.

 

***

 

We are not allowed to (11) smoke at work, which I find difficult. We are obliged to (12) leave the building when we want a smoke, but we are only able to (13) do this twice a day. I go out three or four times, but I know I am bound to (14) get caught sooner or later. I think I´d better (15) give up before I lose my job. What do you suggest?

 

Choose a day and just stop. It is possible that you will find (16) it difficult at first, but persevere. It is very necessary (17) that you do not give in to temptation. When I stopped a few years back, I was not able to (18) stop thinking about cigarettes, but bit by bit it got better. If I were you, I´d (19) try nicotine patches. It is essential (20) that you make the most of your current determination. Good luck!

 

 

 

 

Answers

Exercise 1:

1. I´d better buy; 2. Guests are advised not to; 3. You are only permitted to smoke; 4. He is bound to pass; 5. You are not allowed to use; 6. Are supposed not to; 7. Travellers … are required to have; 8. You are likely to find; 9. I promised to help; 10. I am supposed to wear; 11. My parents don´t let me to have; 12. My parents didn´t let me out;

Exercise 2:

1. Anna may look for; 2. You should wear; 3. I couldn´t get; 4. You must be tired.; 5. He may not go; 6. You shouldn´t drive; 7. You should forgive him.; 8. You should do it until tomorrow.

Exercise 3:

1H; 2F; 3G; 4K; 5E; 6I; 7C; 8D; 9J; 10B

Exercise 4:

He is sure not to play this match. We have no choice but to cancel the match. You are required to pay the fee in advance. He promised me to come on time. She is bound to leave her job next month. They are likely to fail the test. She is supposed to give three lectures this time.

Exercise 5:

  1. has to have
  2. will not
  3. said she would
  4. could not
  5. she had
  6. should
  7. you must
  8. she might
  9. can
  10. will
  11. cannot
  12. have to
  13. can only
  14. will
  15. ought to
  16. you may / might
  17. you must not
  18. could not
  19. you should / might / could
  20. you must / have to
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